The History of Saudi Arabia traces back to15,000 to 20,000 when hunter-gatherers roamed here but as the climate changed people settled in Saudi Arabia and thus permanent settlement gave rise to languages, political systems, art and architecture.
The landmark in history of Saudi Arabia came in the year 610, Muhammad, received a message from God. He preached oneness of God slowly Prophet Muhammad's following grew. By 628, when Medina was in the hands of the Muslims as the Prophet unified the tribes.
The empire of Islam spread with setting up of The First Saudi State during the 18th century, a Muslim scholar and reformer Shaikh Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab began advocating pure teachings of Islam. The ruler of second Saudi State was Turki bin Abdullah Al-Saud under him Ottomans captured Saudi Arabia in 1891.
The Modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was established by Abdulaziz who regained the state from the Al-Rashid family. He established Riyadh as his headquarters and united tribes into one nation. On September 1932, he gave the country the name of Saudi Arabia.
King Abdulaziz (1932-1953) started building the country's infrastructure he emphasized on setting up roads and basic communications systems, modern technology, and improved education, health care and agriculture. King Saud (1953-1964) sponsored international Islamic conference- the Muslim World League. King Faisal (1964-1975) started series of economic and social development plans like establishing the public schools for girls.
King Khalid (1975-1982) and King Fahd (1982-2005) also laid stress on development, and their reign was marked by an explosive growth in the country's physical infrastructure. These kings also supported world peace, stability and security. Peace in the Middle East.
Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz became King in August 2005and he has appointed his brother Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz as Crown Prince. Crown Prince Sultan is also Minister of Defense and Aviation, and the Kingdom's Inspector-General.
Prince Sultan chairs numerous organizations like National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development, the Saudi Arabian Railways Organization, Higher Council for Islamic Affairs, and Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz Charity Foundation.
History of Saudi Arabia helps us to understand how did the Kingdom become a sophisticated state from a desert nation.